Hoary Hedgehog: maskot Ubuntu 5.04

http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/

http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/

[en]Ubuntu 5.04 which was released on April 8, 2005 using Hedgehog as its mascot. Its code name was Ubuntu 5.04 “Hoary Hedgehog”.

There are some 15 species of hedgehog in Europe, Asia, and Africa. Hedgehogs have also been introduced into nontraditional ranges such as New Zealand. The hedgehog was named because of its peculiar foraging methods. These animals root through hedges and other undergrowth in search of the small creatures that compose the bulk of their diet—insects, worms, centipedes, snails, mice, frogs, and snakes. As a hedgehog picks its way through the hedges it emits piglike grunts—thus, the hedgehog.

Some people consider hedgehogs useful pets because they prey on many common garden pests. While on the hunt, they rely upon their senses of hearing and smell because their eyesight is weak.

Hedgehogs have a coat of stiff, sharp spines. If attacked they will curl into a prickly and unappetizing ball that deters most predators. They usually sleep in this position during the day and awaken to search for food at night.

Hedgehogs hibernate in cold climates. In deserts, they sleep through heat and drought in a similar process called aestivation. They remain active all year in more temperate locations.

These solitary animals typically couple only for mating. The young born each year, in litters ranging from one to eleven, remain with their mothers for only four to seven weeks before heading out on their own. Among the predators females must guard against during this period are other male hedgehogs, which will sometimes prey upon the young of their species. Hedgehog mothers have also been known to eat their young if the nest is disturbed, though they sometimes simply move them to a new nest.[1][/en]

[id]Ubuntu 5.04 yang dirilis pada tanggal 8 April 2005 menggunakan binatang Landak sebagai maskotnya. Code nama lengkap dari Ubuntu versi ini adalah Ubuntu 5.03 “Hoary Hedgehog”.

Ada sekitar 15 spesies landak yang tersebar di Eropa, Asia, dan Afrika, serta beberapa di New Zealand. Landak punya metode mencari makan yang khas. Binatang ini senang mencari di tanaman-tanaman pagar atau semak belukar untuk menemukan serangga, cacing, siput, ular, katak, tikus, dll.

Beberapa orang menganggap landak sebagai binatang peliharaan yang berguna karena memakan hama-hama yang umum merajalela di perkebunan. Saat sedang mencari makanan, Landak menggunakan indera pendengaran dan penciumannya, karena matanya sangat lemah.

Landak mempunyai kulit perlindungan semacam duri yang kaku dan tajam. Saat diserang, binatang ini akan melingkarkan tubuhnya membentuk bola berduri yang seringkali membuat selera makan musuhnya menjadi hilang. Landak biasanya tidur dalam posisi ini pada siang hari dan bangun di waktu malam untuk mencari makan.

Di wilayah dengan iklim dingin, Landak berhibernasi. Di padang gurun, dalam kondisi panas dan kering mereka melakukan proses yang sama yang sering disebut sebagai aestivation. Di wilayah beriklim sedang, Landak aktif sepanjang tahun.

Landak termasuk hewan penyendiri, hanya berpasangan saat musim kawin saja. Bisa melahirkan bayi hingga tujuh Landak kecil. Bayi-bayi ini akan tingal bersama induknya hanya sekitar empat sampai tujuh minggu, untuk kemudian hidup sendiri. Predator yang sering mengancam bayi-bayi Landak ini adalah Landak jantan dewasa. Induk Landak juga dikenal bisa memakan bayi-bayi mereka saat ada gangguan di sarangnya, tetapi biasanya mereka memindahkan bayi-bayi ini ke sarang yang baru.[2][/id]

CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

  1. [1]Source >> http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/
  2. [2]Sumber >> http://animals.nationalgeograhic.com/

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